Bachelor of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology Course:
What is Speech and Hearing Science?
Speech and Hearing Science is the study of normal disordered functioning of the auditory system, the speech mechanism, and language processing. It is a diverse field with connections to a number of other disciplines, including anatomy, physiology, psychology, linguistics, medicine, and education. Students pursuing a major in Speech and Hearing Science are introduced both to basic and applied research and to clinical applications.
Ultimate career paths can include Speech-Language Pathology, Audiology, Speech Science and Hearing Science.
Hearing, speech, and language scientists study such topics as sound localization, speech perception, normal disordered phonology, fluency, voice, and hearing in normal and disordered persons. Their research may be basic in nature, or may be more applied, as in studies of the effectiveness of clinical hearing aids or voice therapies.
Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology are concerned with evaluation, treatment and research in human communication and its disorders. Speech-language pathologists assess and treat persons of all ages with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. They may also work with people who have oral motor problems that cause eating and swallowing difficulties. They use special instruments, as well as written and oral tests, to determine the nature and extent of impairment, and to record and analyze speech irregularities. For individuals with little or no speech, speech-language pathologists select alternative communication systems, including automated devices and sign language, and teach their use.
Audiologists specialize in prevention, identification, assessment, and rehabilitation of hearing disorders. They use a variety of testing devices to measure aspects of an individual’s hearing sensitivity. When Hearing Loss exists, they determine the nature and extent of the hearing loss and recommend appropriate treatment, including hearing aids or other assistive devices. Audiologists also test noise levels in workplaces and conduct hearing protection programs.